Gosenwakashū 後和歌撰集

The Gosenwakashū (or the Gosenshū for short), the ‘Later Selection of Japanese Poetry’, was the second of the 21 anthologies of waka compiled at imperial command (chokusenshū). Commissioned by Emperor Murakami (926-927; r. 946-967) and completed around 951, it was compiled by Ônakantomi no Yoshinobu, Kiyowara no Motosuke, Minamoto no Shitagō, Ki no Tokibumi and Sakanoe no Mochiki, who go by the collective title of the ‘Five Men of the Pear Jar Room’. The anthology follows the pattern of the Kokinshū, being composed of 20 books, but lacks a preface:

Book I
Book II
Book III
Book IV
Book V
Book VI
Book VII
Book VIII
Book IX
Book X
Book XI
Book XII
Book XIII
Book XIV
Book XV
Book XVI
Book XVII
Book XVIII
Book XIX
Book XX
Spring I
Spring II
Spring III
Summer
Autumn I
Autumn II
Autumn III
Winter
Love I
Love II
Love III
Love IV
Love V
Love VI
Miscellaneous I
Miscellaneous II
Miscellaneous III
Miscellaneous IV
Partings/Travel
Felicitations/Laments

The 20 Books contain a total of 1,426 poems. As its name suggests, it contains works by many of the same poets as its predecessor, but it is interesting for its many lengthy headnotes, seemingly added by the compilers to provide appropriate contexts for the poems.

The principal poets of the collection (those with more than 10 poems included) are: Tsurayuki (74), Ise (70), Mistsune (23), Fujiwara no Kanesuke (23), Taifu (16), Fujiwara no Tokihira (14), Fujiwara no Morosuke (13), Fujiwara no Nakahira (10), Fujiwara no Saneyori (10), Fujiwara no Atsutada (10) and Mibu no Tadamine (10).

The following Gosenshū poems are on WakaPoetry.net:

Book I: Spring 1

GSS I: 5
GSS I: 17

Book II: Spring 2

GSS II: 49
GSS II: 57

Book III: Spring 3

GSS III: 89
GSS III: 105
GSS III: 106
GSS III: 123

Book IV: Summer

GSS IV: 147
GSS IV: 159
GSS IV: 167
GSS IV: 168
GSS IV: 170
GSS IV: 185
GSS IV: 188

Book V: Autumn 1

GSS V: 223
GSS V: 224
GSS V: 252
GSS V: 262

Book VI: Autumn 2

GSS VI: 302
GSS VI: 309
GSS VI: 314
GSS VI: 332

Book VII: Autumn 3

GSS VII: 394
GSS VII: 395
GSS VII: 405

Book VIII: Winter

GSS VIII: 447 GSS VIII: 458 GSS VIII: 459
GSS VIII: 506

Book IX: Love 1

GSS IX: 508
GSS IX: 512
GSS IX: 515
GSS IX: 516
GSS IX: 522
GSS IX: 577

Book X: Love 2

GSS X: 606
GSS X: 621
GSS X: 628
GSS X: 661
GSS X: 682

Book XI: Love 3

GSS XI: 720
GSS XI: 744
GSS XI: 756
GSS XI: 757
GSS XI: 758
GSS XI: 773
GSS XI: 776
GSS XI: 779

Book XII: Love 4

GSS XII: 806
GSS XII: 808
GSS XII: 809
GSS XII: 830
GSS XII: 831
GSS XII: 833
GSS XII: 839

Book XIII: Love 5

GSS XIII: 891
GSS XIII: 892
GSS XIII: 916
GSS XIII: 937
GSS XIII: 942
GSS XIII: 960
GSS XIII: 967
GSS XIII: 968
GSS XIII: 972
GSS XIII: 991

Book XIV: Love 6

GSS XIV: 1010
GSS XIV: 1020
GSS XIV: 1024

Book XV: Miscellaneous 1

GSS XV: 1075
GSS XV: 1083
GSS XV: 1089
GSS XV: 1090
GSS XV: 1097
GSS XV: 1102

Book XVI: Miscellaneous 2

GSS XVI: 1125
GSS XVI: 1131
GSS XVI: 1176
GSS XVI: 1178
GSS XVI: 1182

Book XVII: Miscellaneous 3

GSS XVII: 1195
GSS XVII: 1196
GSS XVII: 1231
GSS XVII: 1238
GSS XVII: 1240
GSS XVII: 1242
GSS XVII: 1244

Book XVIII: Miscellaneous 4

GSS XVIII: 1250
GSS XVIII: 1280
GSS XVIII: 1281
GSS XVIII: 1288
GSS XVIII: 1291
GSS XVIII: 1292
GSS XVIII: 1293

Book XIX: Partings/Travel

GSS XIX: 1313
GSS XIX: 1331
GSS XIX: 1352
GSS XIX: 1360

Book XX: Felicitations/Laments

GSS XX: 1373
GSS XX: 1386
GSS XX: 1420 GSS XX: 1421

'Simply moving and elegant'